Different Types of Investment Casting Products
A wide range of products can be obtained by the means of investment casting. But it is very important to choose the right type of investment casting material to obtain the desired functionalities in the products.
The right kind of material is not only good for the desired functionality but it gives the added benefit of saving on the cost of the materials, eliminate unwanted casting defects, this limits the needs for the secondary processes when the final product is produced after the completion of the casting process.
To determine the right kind of material you will need to see what is the desirable quality and functionality you aspire to obtain in the final product.
Whether you want the final product to display smooth surfaces, and have dimensional accuracies and precision while having other features like thin walls, lower weight, or any other beneficial properties.
Investment Casting Products
There is a large section of alloys available from where you can choose the investment casting material.
Stainless steel features superior durability. If you compare stainless steel with other product options available, stainless steel is the most durable of all the other materials.
The potential of stainless steel has led to an increased usage of the material by engineers and designers.
Applications of stainless steel metal parts are widespread across different industries. Few examples of stainless steel applications are — gearbox parts in automotive applications, various gears, golf club heads, and camp components.
If you are looking for more economical investment casting products the carbon steel makes a very cost-effective choice of material.
Carbon steel is available in different grades and these grades are classified based on the amount of the carbon content.
The strength, ductility, and the performance of carbon steel can be improved with the help of heat treatment. The carbon steel also displays ferromagnetic properties that make it useful in the motor and electrical appliances.
Carbon steel is one of the most used alloys because of its properties like — durability, high structural integrity, and it is safe to use.
Super alloys are commonly used in aerospace, energy, chemical, medical, marine industries, etc. Structurally super alloys are based in nickel and cobalt.
Nickel-based super alloy displays high endurance for high temperatures and they are stronger at high temperatures.
Cobalt-based super alloys display superior corrosion, wear-resistance over their nickel-based counterparts, and oxidation over their nickel-based counterparts.
Super alloys provide high rigidity and superior service while being a cost-effective option. This is the reason super alloys are increasingly replacing sheet metal.
Aluminum alloys are the most used material for products and components produced for avionics, aerospace, military, and electronics.
Quality castings can be made from aluminum-silicon-magnesium alloys that fulfill the needs of even demanding applications like airframe components.
Low Alloy Steel
Low alloy steels are the most frequently used casting material in the mechanical world because of their affordability and mechanical properties.
Specialized heat-treating processes make it possible to produce and engineer parts with differing properties in different areas of the same workpiece.
Varied heat-treating can be utilized to make two types of surfaces like — one surface will be tough and impact-resistant and the other surface will be wear-resistance.
Copper-based alloys are less prone to wear and tear and are corrosion-resistant. The copper alloy investment casting products are mostly used in making electrical components, ship and pump propellers, and plumbing components.
A versatile material, the copper alloy has more than 400 different alloys featuring a wide range of properties. Copper-based alloys can be investment cast for many parts types.
The strongest type of copper-based alloy is beryllium-copper that displays high corrosion-resistance over longer periods.
Bronze and brass are some of the most commonly used copper alloy types.
Gray iron and ductile iron are the iron castings known for their high accuracy and cost-effectiveness.
Ductile iron has benefits like toughness, heat-resistance, high-strength but it has a very complex casting process in comparison to other steel forms leading to a higher production cost.
The process of investment casting is very popular to produce metal casts in different types of materials.
The investment casting products can differ from each other depending on the material used and the features that are desired in the final product.
Different types of investment casting products are easily attainable depending upon the choice of the material used in the process.